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Notes for Direct Object Pronouns:
What is a pronoun? It takes the place of a noun. (e.g. Mr. McCoy is tall. --> He is tall. I ran over the cat. --> I ran over it.)
What is a direct object? It receives the action of the verb. (e.g. I answer the phone. I look at the paper. I visit the White House.)
Do we have to use a different set of pronouns? Yes. Why? You just do, but we do the same thing in English. We have subject pronouns: I, you, he, she, us, they (in Spanish yo, tϊ, ιl, ella, nosotros, ellos). We also have object pronouns: me, you, him, her, us, them.
What’s the difference between “he” and “him”? Look at this sentence: “He does his homework”. “He” is the subject, doing the action. Now look at this one: “That coach trained him.” “Him” is the object, receiving the action. In the same way you can’t say “The coach trained he,” you have to use a different pronoun in English or Spanish.

Here they are: me, te, lo / la, nos, os, los / las

Yes, they are very similar to the reflexive pronouns. Except that You say "lo" or "la" depending on its gender.
Look at these examples:
He writes the letter. --> He writes it. ……………………………………………….. Ιl escribe la carta. --> Ιl la escribe.
She looks at me. ……………………………………………………………………………….. Ella me mira.
The police investigate us. ………………………………………………………………… La policνa nos investiga.
Notice the placement of the pronoun. The object pronoun is placed before the conjugated verb. No matter where there other words are in the sentence, as long as there is just one verb, an object pronoun is placed before the conjugated verb.
Yo lo quiero. (I want it.) = Lo quiero yo.
In the previous sentence, despite the rearraging of words, “yo” is still the subject because “yo” is a subject pronoun. “Lo” is still placed before the conjugated verb.
When there are two verbs, one conjugated and one unconjugated, you have the option of placing the pronoun at the end of the unconjugated verb, attatched to it.
I want to buy them = Yo los quiero comprar. or Yo quiero comprarlo.
You should verify it. = Tϊ lo debes verificar. or Tϊ debes verificarlo.
For further practice, see the texbook Chapter 3A, incuding the online companion site.

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